The Origin of the German Jagdterrier
Origin of the German Jagdterrier by Carl Erich Gruenewald
Charter Member of the German Jagdterrier Organization who describes the Fox Terrier in Germany from 1911 to 1927
In 1911 I arrived in Munich where I especially looked for the company of hunters and hunting dogs. The jagdterrier was not yet developed. At this time the Fox Terrier was much more a "fashion dog", than the poodle is today. Also at this time began the movement to stress the breeding of a beautiful English standard dog on the one hand and a dog with outstanding working qualities on the other hand.
The Fox Terrier represented a wide field of variety at dog shows , which met with the approval of the British judges. But controlled by England , the native land of the Fox Terrier, the breeding qualities took several directions by concentrating sometimes on smaller breed, especially since ground hunting was very fashionable. The breeding was also directed towards shorter wire-haired breeds that did not need trimming and towards the dark-haired dog, often with a black coat and light-haired legs. The color and coat of the modern jagdterrier.
A dark male dog name of "Oacroyd Darkie," although not a jagdterrier, was also a very good worker,was imported to Germany and used for extensive breeding there. With each litter the darker color became more dominant, closer to the jagdterrier. I, as a young hunting cynologist, was lucky to be aquainted with the best fox hound experts. My best teachers became Walter Zangenburg and the young forest ranger F. Freiess, a well known Wachtelhund (Spaniel) expert. Both men were specialist in every kind of ground hunting.
We spent many happy hours together and were very successful with our Fox Terriers. It happened quite often that our dogs unearthed five or six badgers at a time, not counting many foxes. These dogs would become the foundation of the jagdterrier. We worked with live foxes and
badgers, but tried to avoid as much cruelty as possible. We had beautiful premises outside of Munich where we
trained our dogs to perfection hunting foxes and badgers. Our dogs' hunting instincts sharpened, but the wild
animals also developed better instincts and tricks as well. .... (cont.)